An overview of the VeChain Improvement Proposals (VIP)


Since it’s launch, the VeChainThor blockchain has gone through various upgrades offering new features or improvements.

To streamline the development and implementation of new features, the Foundation has created the VeChain Improvement Proposals (VIP) standard.

Anyone can propose a new feature in one of the following categories:

  1. Core: Improvements to the thor codebase requiring an upgrade of the Nodes (consensus fork).
  2. Application: Application-level standards and conventions, including contract standards.
  3. Interface: Improvements around the API specifications that allows applications to interact with the blockchain.
  4. Information: Describes a design issue, or provides general guidelines or information to the community on how to do something, but does not propose a new feature.

You can find the official documentation on the current VIP’s VeChain Github. In the remainder of this post, we have given an overview of the current proposals.

VIP-180 – Fungible Token Standard

The VIP-180 Standard was proposed by the VeChain Foundation and is a standard providing basic functionality for tokens within smart contracts. It is based on Ethereum’s ERC-20 standard first proposed by Vitalik Buterin.

Some of the methods that are part of the VIP-180 standard:

  • Get token details like name(), symbol() and totalSupply()
  • Get the balance of an account using balanceOf(), or transferring tokens between accounts using transfer().

More details on VIP-180 can be found here.

VIP-181 – Non-Fungible Token Standard

The VIP-181 Standard was proposed by the VeChain Foundation and is a standard providing basic functionality for Non-Fungible (NFT) tokens within smart contracts. It is similar to Ethereum’s ERC-721 standard used by projects like CryptoKitties and Decentraland.

When something is fungible, it means it is not unique and can be replaced by something identical. Think of a $1 dollar bill, each one dollar bill is worth $1, whichever one you have.

Different from this is something non-fungible. When something is non-fungible, they may look similar, but some of their characteristics are not, making them irreplaceable or impossible to swap.

The main benefit of NFT’s is that you can embed unique data into the token, like information about ownership.

More details on VIP-181 can be found here.

VIP-190 – Personal Sign Standard

Proposed by Totient Labs, VIP-190 outlines an interface when using web3 to sign messages for VeChainThor dApps.

This method will ensure that dApps will be supported by multiple clients that follow this standard.

More details on VIP-190 can be found here.

VIP-191 – Designated Gas Payer

Proposed by Totient Labs, VIP-191 proposal describes an upgrade to the core transaction format of the VeChainThor blockchain. Once integrated, this feature will allow transactions to designate a gas payer distinct from the transaction sender.

The VeChainThor blockchain currently already has the VeChain Multi-Party Payment Protocol (MPP). Using MPP a user can interact with a smart contract, while the smart contract pays for the transaction fee, making use of the dApp for the end-user completely free.

The VIP-191 proposal is a complementary protocol to this, allowing anyone that wants to send a transaction to set a gas payer that pays for the transaction fee on behalf of the sender. Of course, the gas payer has to sign this transaction.

VIP-191 adds a more generalized fee delegation support to the VeChainThor platform. A feature that will drasticly improve adoption and that no other blockchain platform currently is capable of.

The user experience can be massively improved once VIP-191 has been integrated:

Imagine that a user wants to transfer a token on the VechainThor blockchain (like PLA or SHA). Currently, you need to pay for this transaction using VTHO.

Using VIP-191, it will be easy to offer a solution where the users pay for the transaction using the native coin (PLA or SHA), which then gets converted to VTHO by the gas payer. After which the gas payer pays for the transaction using VTHO.

With VIP-191 the end user does not have to worry about having VTHO, while the transaction still gets paid for using VTHO.

More details on VIP-191 can be found here.

VIP-192 – Simple Self-signed Certificate

VIP-192 is a proposal for a mechanism which allows an application to request a user’s authentication or to ask a user to agree with an agreement.

  • Identification: Request proof that the user is the private key holder.
  • Agreement: Request a user to agree with an agreement by using the user’s private key to sign.

VIP-192 can be used in multiple ways. For example, the Agreement function can be used when you want users to agree with your Terms-Of-Service before the can make use of your dApp.

More details on VIP-192 can be found here.

Do you miss a feature you would like to see on the VeChainThor blockchain? Everyone can contribute and create a proposal!


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